Saturday, May 2, 2015

May 2: Avoiding Run-ons

I'm participating in a challenge to blog every day in May; I was supposed to post this on May 2, but was having a tech issue, so I wrote this and saved it and am backdating it to the correct date.

Technically, there are 2 types of run-on sentences -- run-ons and comma splices. I tell my students not to get hung up on the name but to instead focus on identifying what they are and know how to fix them. I spend more time than I care to think about teaching and reteaching this, so I think I'm fairly good at it. Here goes.

When you have a group of words that contains both a subject and a verb and that expresses a complete thought, you have an independent clause. You can begin a dependent clause with a capital letter and put a . or ! or ? at the end, and you will then have a sentence.

If you decide to join 2 independent clauses into one sentence (for sentence variety and to achieve a nice smooth flow), you have only 3 options. You may join them through the use of one of the following:

a semicolon -- that's all it takes -- really!

a semicolon, followed by a conjunction and, depending on the conjunction used, possibly a comma

*Most people don't have a problem with either of these first 2 methods; it's the next one that people mess up. By the way, the previous sentence utilizes the first method; furthermore, this sentence models the second one. :)

a comma and a conjunction -- both must be used

*If you use just a conjunction, you have written a run-on, but if you have used just a comma, you have written a                                        comma splice. Did you notice that the previous sentence demonstrates the last method? :)

 

Here again, in shorter sentences, are examples of each of the three methods.

Two independent clauses (aka sentences):     I like dogs. My sister likes cats.

Method 1: I like dogs; my sister likes cats.

Method 2: I like dogs; however, my sister likes cats.

Method 3: I like dogs, but my sister likes cats.

There you have it -- easy peasy!

 

 

 

 

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